Lift and Elevator FAQ’S

Answers to Lift and Elevator Faq’s

Lift & Elevators FAQ’s or Questions and Answers (Q&A), about Lifts and Elevators are listed below.  These are commonly asked questions we have come across; if your question is not listed below please do not hesitate to contact us.

Elevator Faqs

Car Elevator

  1. How much does a Car Elevator cost?

The cost of a Car elevator is dependent on a number of factors: size, capacity, number of stops and the travel distance (among other things).  In order to determine the price, you can send us a quote request with the details of the above so that can we provide you with a free quotation.

  1. What’s the code for Car Elevators in USA and in Canada?

 

The National code for Car Elevators throughout USA and Canada is ASME A17.1/CSA B-44. The ASME A17.1 is a US standard which is harmonized with the Canadian CSA B-44.

 

  1. What is the loading class of Car Elevators?

Under the National code, Car Elevators are classified as Class B Loading.

  1. What is the difference between an Automobile Elevator and a Freight Elevator?

 

An Automobile Elevator & a Freight Elevator are one and the same thing. An Automobile Elevator is a category of the Freight Elevator with a specific loading class (Class B Loading).

 

  1. What’s the speed of a Car Elevator?

Car Elevators typically travel at a slower speed as compared to full Passenger Elevators. The speed can range from anywhere between 15 fpm to 120 fpm. There is no restriction by code as to how fast or how slow a Car Elevator should go. We can match the requirement of the customer with respect to the speed.

  1. How big is a Car Elevator?

Car Elevators can be as big as the customer requires. The minimum requirement of size is 30 lbs per sq. ft.

  1. Can a Vehicle Elevator save space?

Yes, a Vehicle Elevator can help to save space. The use of a ramp can take up valuable real estate in buildings where space is at a premium, whereas a Vehicle Elevator only takes up vertical space.

Dumbwaiter

  1. How much does a Dumbwaiter cost?

The cost of a Dumbwaiter is dependent on a number of factors: size, capacity, number of stops and travel distance (among other things).  In order to determine the price, you can send us a quote request with the details of the above so that can we provide you with a free quotation.

  1. Can a Dumbwaiter be installed with a floor loading option?

Yes, our dumbwaiters come with floor loading as well as counter loading options.

  1. Can a Dumbwaiter be installed without civil construction?

Yes, a Dumbwaiter can be installed without civil construction. We offer a free standing, self-supporting hoistway/shaftway structure as an option for our customers.

  1. Can a hoist way structure/shaft be provided with a dumbwaiter?

Yes, a hoistway structure / shaft can be provided with a dumbwaiter. CITI provides the following two models:

  • Hoistway model (DW-H)
  • Free standing structure model (DW-F)

 

  1. Can a Dumbwaiter be Provide for a restaurant?

Yes, a dumbwaiter can be provided for a restaurant. Our restaurant models are provided with stainless steel walls, ceilings and landing doors for easy cleaning & food safety reasons.

  1. Can a Dumbwaiter be provided for a Lab?

Yes, a dumbwaiter can be provided for labs. Our dumbwaiters for labs are specially designed with optional stainless steel walls, ceilings and hoistway doors, plus NEMA 4 push buttons, if needed.

  1. Can a Dumbwaiter be provided with Fire rated doors?

Yes, we have an option for both door styles; fire rated and non-fire rated.

Freight Elevators

How much does a Freight Elevator Cost?

The cost of a freight elevator is dependent on a number of factors: size, capacity, number of stops and the travel distance (among other things).  In order to determine the price, you can send us a quote request with the details of the above so that can we provide you with a free quotation.

What’s the Code for Freight elevators?

North American Freight Elevators are governed by ASME A17.1 in USA and CSA B-44 in Canada.  Currently ASME A17.1 and CSA-B44 are harmonized.

What’s the loading Class of a Freight Elevator?

A Freight Elevator is available in the following loading classes:

  • Class A

General Freight Loading. The load is distributed; the weight of any single piece is not more than 1/4 the capacity of the elevator and the load is moved on and off the car platform manually or by means of hand trucks. 

  • Class B.

Motor Vehicle Loading. The freight elevator is used solely to carry automobile trucks or passenger automobiles up to the rated capacity of the elevator.

  • Class C1

Industrial Truck Loading. A four-wheeled vehicle may be used to load and unload the elevator. The combined weight of the vehicle and the load cannot exceed the rated capacity and may be rolled onto the platform as a single unit

  • Class C2

Industrial Truck Loading. During loading and unloading, the maximum load on the platform may be up to 150% of the rated capacity. This enables you to use a forklift to load a car with freight weighing up to the rated capacity

  • Class C3

Other forms of Industrial Truck Loading. During the loading and unloading process, the rated capacity must never be exceeded.

Can a Freight Elevator be Explosion Proof?

Yes, we can provide you with explosion proof and dust proof wash down Freight elevators

 

What is the difference between a Freight Elevator and a Service Elevator?

A Freight Elevator and a Service Elevator differ in their applications.  Service Elevators have a dual purpose and are intended for general public use as well as for freight. Service Elevators are commonly installed at Airports, Convention centers and Hospitals whereas Freight Elevators are intended primarily for carrying goods, cargo etc.

 

What’s the difference between Freight Elevator and Freight lift?

To the layman, a Freight Elevator and a Freight Lift (known as Material Lift as per the National Elevator code) may seem like one and the same thing. They both fall under the same Elevator Code (albeit under different sections), are built for the transportation of heavy cargo, are finished to withstand tough working conditions and both allow an attendant to travel on the elevator with the cargo.

However, that is where the similarities end. A Freight Elevator and a Freight Lift differ from each other in several ways, as outlined below:

Is an Attendant allowed onboard?

Yes, a Freight Lift (ML) and a Freight Elevator both allow an attendant to ride onboard with the cargo.

What is the National Elevator Code for these types of Elevators?

A Freight Lift falls under A17.1/B-44, Section 7.4.  The Freight Elevator also falls under A17.1/B-44, however the Section differs from that of the Freight Lift. The Freight Elevator falls under Section 2 of the National Elevator Code..                  .

Is the construction of a Pit required?

A Freight Lift (ML) can be provided with a pitless option; however, a Freight Elevator requires the construction of a pit that is 60” minimum.

Is an Overhead required?

A Freight Elevator requires an overhead of 45” as refuge space above the cab. A Freight lift, on the other hand, does not require an Overhead.

What is the difference in the Operation of these two systems?

A Freight Lift is operated via constant pressure, whereas a Freight Elevator has an automatic operating system.

Is a Car Gate required for both?

A car gate is needed in the case of a Freight Elevator; however, a Freight Lift does not need a car gate.

Is a Ceiling required for both?

A full ceiling is required for a Freight Elevator while a Freight Lift does not require a ceiling.

What is the maximum size limit?

For both of these systems, there are no limits on the size. It can be as large or as small as the project requires.

What is the maximum travel speed?

There is no maximum travel speed for a Freight Elevator; the speed is only limited by technological developments. In the case of a Freight Lift, the maximum travel speed is 30 fpm.

What travel height is required?

For a Freight Lift, the maximum travel height is 5m, however, some states/provinces in North America do allow for more. A Freight Elevator does not have travel height limit.

How many floors can be serviced?

A Freight Lift can service up to 4 floors, or as approved by local authorities, whereas a Freight Elevator can service as many floors the required by the project.

What is the maximum weight capacity?

The weight capacity depends upon the project and its requirements for both of these systems.

 

What Are the Different Freight Elevator Drive Systems?

Hydraulic freight elevators

These types of elevators use a liquid (vegetable based or oil based) that is pumped into a cylinder through a valve. (Used in low rise applications)

Traction Freight Elevator (MRL):

A geared or gearless (sometimes called MRL Freight Elevator) traction elevator is designed in a way that makes it possible to be lifted by ropes. These ropes pass over a wheel that is attached to an electric motor that is located above the elevator shaft. The power from the motor is transmitted to a drive sheave through a reduction gear. Geared traction elevators are designed for freight and are available with power or manually operated vertical or horizontal opening doors (These are generally used in mid to high rise buildings).

Rack and Pinion Freight Elevators (MRL):

These elevators are comprised of a pair of gears that convert rotational motion into linear motion. A circular gear called “the pinion” engages teeth on a linear “gear” bar, called “the rack”. Rotational motion applied to the pinion causes the rack to move relative to the pinion, thereby translating the rotational motion of the pinion into linear motion (These may be used in extreme high travel & weight capacities).

Freight Lift

  1. What Code does a Freight lift with Rider fall under?

Material lifts are governed by the same code as the National Elevator code ASME A17.1/ CSA B44. Therefore, you can have an attendant operate it from inside the cabin while riding in the lift.

  1. What’s the Difference between VRC (Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor) and a Freight lift?

VRCs and Freight lifts are governed by two different codes and are intended for two different applications. VRC is a vertical conveyor governed by the ASME B-20 Code; hence Riders are NOT permitted to ride on the conveyor. On the other hand, a Material lift (type B) is governed by ASME A17.1 code, which permits an attendant to operate the lift from the inside.

  1. Do I have to have civil construction done in order to install a Freight lift?

No, our free standing, modular shaftway structures are available for material lifts so there is no need for civil construction.

  1. Do I need to dig a pit to be able to install a Freight Lift?

No, our pitless Material lift’s model designs are available for projects that cannot provide a pit, due to building constraints or any other reason.

  1. Can a Freight lift be Automatic Operation?

No, as per the code, material lifts have to be Constant Pressure Operation (have to press and hold the buttons as the lift travels up & down).

 

  1. How much does a Freight lift cost?

The cost of a Material Lift is dependent on a number of factors: size, capacity, number of stops and the travel distance, among other things.  In order to determine the price, you can send us a quote request with the details of the above so that can we provide you with a free quotation.

  1. Can a material lift be operated from inside the cabin?

Yes, a Material Lift can be operated from inside the cabin. Material lifts are governed by the Elevator code ASME A 17./ CSA B-44  section 7.4, hence making it possible for a control panel to be placed inside the cabin that allows for safe operation from within.

  1. Can a Freight lift be explosion proof?

Yes, CITI can provide explosion proof designs for material lifts.

  1. Can a Freight lift be dust proof?

Yes, CITI can provide a dust proof material lift.

  1. Can a Freight lift be provided with a wash down option?

Yes, CITI can provide a wash down Freight Platform lift feature with NEMA 4 rated control panels, call-stations & drain plugs.

Residential Elevators

  1. How much does a Residential Elevator cost Toronto Canada?

The cost of a Residential elevator is dependent on a number of factors: size, capacity, number of stops and the travel distance (among other things).  In order to determine the price, you can send us a quote request with the details of the above so that can we provide you with a free quotation.

  1. Can a Home Elevator increase the value of my home?

Yes, a Home Elevator can increase the value of your home. As people are aging in place, there is an increased demand for accessible homes. Residential Elevators provide the perfect solution for accessibility to multiple levels of your home, making it convenient & cost effective to continue to live in your own home for years to come.

  1. Can I install a Home Elevator in your existing home?

Yes, you can install a Home elevator in your existing home. CITI can provide you with multiple options for installing a Residential elevator in your home with or without hoistway, with or without pit etc.

  1. How long does it take to install a Home Elevator?

Once the drawings for a Home Elevator are approved, it normally takes the elevator manufacturer 3-4 weeks to manufacture the elevator. Installers will take between 2-3 weeks for installing the product.

  1. What is the maximum size & weight capacity of a Residential Elevator?

There is maximum weight capacity for a Residential Elevator. However, the standard weight capacities range from between 500 lbs to 1500 lbs. The size can be as small as 9 sq. feet to as big as the customer wants.

  1. Is a Home Elevator safe?

Yes, a Home Elevator is very safe. It is governed by the same codes and regulations as the National Elevator code, making it an extremely safe solution for your home.

  1. What types of Home Elevators are there?

There are currently five major drive systems available in the market. They are:

  • Hydraulic Drive System
  • Gearless Traction Drive System
  • Geared Traction Drive System
  • Drum Drive System
  • Chain Traction Drive System

 

  1. Can I install a Residential Elevator with wood construction?

Yes, most units designed for the North American market are designed with wood construction in mind.

  1. Do I need special building power to install a Home Elevator?

The most common power requirement for Residential Elevators is 240 V-1 pH. This voltage is commonly used in most North American homes.

  1. How fast can a Home Elevator go?

There is no speed limit on Home Elevators. However, it must be kept in mind that power is a requirement of speed. For a higher speed capacity, you will require a higher voltage, deeper pit and overhead (ceiling height at the upper level).

Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor (VRC)

  1. Can a VRC be adapted to have a Rider on it?

No, a VRC is a vertical conveyor; it cannot be adapted to have a rider.

  1. What Code is the VRC governed by?

A VRC is governed by the ASME B-20 “Safety standard for conveyors and related equipment”.   It must be noted, however, this can only be used in USA and cannot be used in Canada.

  1. What’s the Difference between a VRC and a Material lift?

 

VRCs and Material lifts are governed by two different codes and are intended for two different applications. VRC is a vertical conveyor governed by the ASME B-20 Code; hence Riders are NOT permitted to ride on the conveyor. On the other hand, a Material lift (type B) is governed by ASME A17.1 code, which permits an attendant to operate the lift from the inside.

 

  1. Do I have to have civil construction done on order to install a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor (VRC)?

No, our free standing modular shaftway structures are available VRCs so there is no need for civil construction

  1. Do I need to dig a Pit to be able to install a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor (VRC)?

No, our pitless VRC unit designs are available for projects that cannot provide a pit due to building constraints or any other reason.

  1. Can a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor be Automatic Operation?

Yes, the ASME B-20 code allows for automatic operation of this unit.

  1. How much does a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor cost?

 

The cost of a VRC is dependent on a number of factors: size, capacity, number of stops and the travel distance, among other things.  In order to determine the price, you can send us a quote request with the details of the above so that can we provide you with a free quotation.

 

  1. Can a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor be operated from inside the Cabin?

No, a VRC cannot be operated from inside the cabin as riders are not permitted to ride along on the conveyor (as per code ASME B-20)

  1. Can a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor (VRC) be explosion proof?

 

Yes, CITI can provide explosion proof designs for VRCs.

 

  1. Can a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor (VRC) be dust proof?

 

Yes, CITI can provide a dust proof VRC.

 

  1. Can a Vertical Reciprocating Conveyor (VRC) be wash down?

 

Yes, CITI can provide a wash down VRC.